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主语从句课件(主语从句例句20个带翻译)

主语从句课件(主语从句例句20个带翻译)

主语从句是由一个从句充当主语的句子构成的。在英语中,主语从句通常包括一个引导词(如that, whether, who, what, where, when, why, how等)和一个主语从句。下面是20个带有翻译的主语从句例句:

1. Who will win the competition is still uncertain.(谁将赢得比赛仍然不确定。)

2. What she said surprised me.(她说的话使我惊讶。)

3. Where we go for vacation is up to you.(我们去哪里度假由你决定。)

4. If you can solve this problem is the key to your success.(你能否解决这个问题是你成功的关键。)

5. Why he is absent from school remains a mystery.(他为何缺勤仍然是个谜。)

6. How we can improve our English is something we should all consider.(我们如何提高英语是我们所有人都应该考虑的问题。)

7. Whether they will come to the party is still unknown.(他们是否会来参加派对仍然未知。)

8. That she is talented is beyond doubt.(她很有才华不容置疑。)

9. Whether it will rain tomorrow is anyone\'s guess.(明天是否会下雨无人得知。)

10. What we should do next is yet to be determined.(我们下一步应该做什么还有待确定。)

11. Who the winner is will be announced at the end of the show.(谁是获胜者将在节目结束时宣布。)

12. What he said doesn\'t make any sense.(他说的话毫无意义。)

13. Where we should meet hasn\'t been decided yet.(我们应该在哪里见面还没有决定。)

14. Why she refused the offer is still a mystery.(她为什么拒绝了这个提议仍然是个谜。)

15. How we can solve this problem is something we need to discuss.(我们如何解决这个问题是我们需要讨论的事情。)

16. Whether they can finish the project on time is a matter of concern.(他们能否按时完成项目是一个令人担忧的问题。)

17. That he is guilty is beyond doubt.(他有罪是毋庸置疑的。)

18. What we should wear to the party is still undecided.(去派对时我们应该穿什么还没有决定。)

19. Who will be the next president is the question on everyone\'s mind.(谁将成为下一任总统是每个人心中的疑问。)

20. What you choose to do with your life is entirely up to you.(你选择用你的生活做什么完全取决于你。)

以上是20个带有翻译的主语从句例句,主语从句在英语中具有重要的作用,可以使句子更加丰富多样。通过学习和掌握这些例句,我们可以更好地运用主语从句来表达自己的意思。

主语从句课件(主语从句例句20个带翻译)

提问的这位同学,你的问题很有代表性。首先弄清楚各个项目的本质:

1. 定语从句从本质上讲相当于形容词,我们可以把它看成是一个加长版的形容词。如 a red rose=a rose which is red; 又如 a smiling boy=a boy who is smiling后面的定语从句完全可以代替原词组中的形容词。在比较专业的语法著作中,定语从句被称为“形容词性从句”。

2. 主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句属于同一个语法项目的分支——名词性从句。从性质上讲,相当于一个加长版的名词。至于说四个从句的定义划分,完全是根据名词性从句在整个大句子中所充当的角色来定义的。如

1). What his name is makes me puzzled.(主语从句)

2). I want to know what his name is. (宾语从句)

3). My question is what his name is. (表语从句)

4). My question, what his name is, makes everyone surprised.(同位语从句)

从这四个例子中不难看出,what his name is这个名词性从句在不同的语言环境中扮演的是不同的角色,充当不同的句子成分。

至于说我上面所讲的“相当于加长版的名词”,也可以举例说明:

My hometown is the place that he wants to visit.= Where I was born and brought up is the place that he wants to visit.

My school lies close to Wuhan.= Where I am study in now lies close to Wuhan.

不知道你看懂了没有。弄清楚定语从句和名词性从句的区别

1. 定语从句说明的前面那个名词(先行词)的特征、状态或是补充更加细节性的信息。如

The boy who is smiling over there is my brother. (说明the boy的状态)

The boy whose father used to be a teacher does well in his study.(说明the boy的特点)

The book that I bought yesterday cost me a lot of money. (补充说明book的详细信息,以便确认是哪一本书)

2. 名词性从句一般情况下不会在前面出现名词,唯一出现名词的情况是同位语从句。但是同位语从句仅仅只是对前面的名词的具体内容进行“详细的描述”

如 The fact that he is a policeman surprises us. ("他是一名警察“这件事情是face的具体内容,不加上读者不会明白fact具体的细节)

The idea that we would take a trip to London made all of us very excited. (idea的具体内容是”我们将要去伦敦“这件事情,不加以说明读者不明白想法的具体内容)

这点很难懂,慢慢体会。名词性从句和定语从句的引导词是不一样的。

1. 定语从句只有9个引导词指人的who, whom, 指物的which, 既可以指人又可以指物的还可以指代事件的that,指代”所属关系“的whose,指代时间状语的when,指代地点状语的where,指代原因状语的why,与such, know, expect, report等习惯性搭配使用的as.

2. 名词性从句的引导词多的去了,可以说能够用来提问的那些疑问词全都可以用来充当引导词,另外加上两个不充当成分的引导词that, if/whether.

3. 引导词的选择没有一定,根本上还是必须根据”从句中缺少的成分“来确定用什么引导词。如果缺时间状语便用when, 缺地点状语就用where。但是名词性从句和定语从句引导词的选择又有很大的不同。

1) what 名词性从句中做主语、宾语、表语、定语。常常译成 “所......的”

2). which名词性从句常做主语或定语。常常翻译成"哪一个“

3). that在名词性从句中不充当任何成分,原因是后面的名词性从句不缺少任何成分。这两个语法项目讲起来相当的麻烦,我所说的也仅仅只是一些很基本的东西。如果想知道更多细节,可以发邮件给我shibinyingyulaoshi@gmail.com.建议你看一看我上传到百度文库的课件“三大从句概述”,链接如下http://wenku.baidu.com/view/d42530718e9951e79b892758.html希望我的回答能够或多或少地帮到你。

主语从句例句

一、主语从句定义:在句子中担当主语的是一个从句,这个从句就叫做主语从句。

二、主语从句例句:

1. What surprised me most was that the little girl could play the violin so well.

2. Who will go to the concert is not known.

3. That she was chosen made us very happy.

4. Whether she will come or not is still a question.

5. Which book they will choose is still unknown.

6. When we shall hold our sports meet is not decided.

7. It’s strange that he knows nothing about it.

8. It is a pity that she has made such a mistake.

9. It is said that President Jingo will visit our school next week.

三、主语从句的引导词

主语从句通常由连词that和whether、连接代词或连接副词以及关系代词型what引导。

1. that引导

That he is still alive is a wonder. 他还活着,真是奇迹。

That we shall be late is certain. 我们要晚了,这是确定无疑的。

That he should have ignored the working class was natural. 他忽视工人阶级是很自然的。

That she is still alive is a consolation. 她还活着是使人感到宽慰的。

That she became an artist may have been due to her father’s influence. 她成为画家可能是受她父亲的影响。

That you are coming to London is the best news I have heard this long time. 你将来伦敦是好久以来我听到的最好消息。

That she was chosen made a tremendous stir in her village. 她被挑选上,在她村 子里引起很大轰动。

2. whether引导

Whether it will do us harm remains to be seen. 是否对我们有害还要看一看。

Whether they would support us was a problem. 他们是否会支持我们还是一个问题。

3. 连接代词引导

Whoever is top from wins the game when two matched players meet. 两强相争勇者胜。

Whichever (of you) comes in first will receive a prize. 无论(你们)谁先到都可以得奖。

Whichever you want is yours. 你要哪个哪个就是你的。

4. 连接副词引导

When we arrive doesn’t matter. 什么时候到没有关系。

How it was done was a mystery. 这是怎样做的是一个谜。

How this happended is not clear to anyone. 这件事怎样发生的,谁也不清楚。

How many people we are to invite is still a question. 邀请多少人还是一个问题。

Where I spend my summer is no business of yours. 我在哪里过暑假不关你的事。

5. 关系代词型what引导

What we need is money. 我们需要的是钱。

What I want to know is this. 我想知道的就是这一点。

What’s done is done. 事已成定局。

What he says is not important. 他说的话并不重要。

What I am telling you is mere impressions. 我和你说的都不过是一些印象而已。

What make the river more beautiful are the lotus plants growing in the water. 为河水增色的是水里的荷花。

What you need is a good-sized canvas bag. 你需要的是一个比较大的帆布袋。

What I am afraid of is their taking him to Portugal. 我担心的是他们把他带到葡萄牙去。

What struck me was that they have all suffered a lot. 给我很深印象的是他们都受过很多苦。

四、主语从句与形式主语it

有时为了考虑句子平衡,通常在主语从句处使用形式主语it,而将真正的主语从句移至句末。这分三种情况:

(1) 对于以连词that引导的主语从句,通常用形式主语代主语从句:

It’s a pity that he didn’t come. 很遗憾他没来。

It is important that he should know about this. 他必须知道此事。

It’s vital that we be present. 我们出席是至关重要的。

It was intended that you be the candidate. 大家的意图是让你当候选人。

It is important that this mission not fail. 这项使命不失败至关重要。

It is essential that a meeting be convened this week. 本周开一次会非常重要。

It is appropriate that this tax be abolished. 废除这个税是恰当的。

It’s unfair that so many people should lose their jobs. 竟有这么多人失业这是不公平的。

It’s amazing that she should have said nothing about it. 她竟未谈及此事令人惊讶。

It’s unthinkable that they should deny my request. 他们竟然拒绝我的请求,这是不可思议的。

That they should refuse to sign the petition required great courage. 他们拒绝在请愿书上签字这是需要很大勇气的。

(2) 对于以连接代词(副词)引导的主语从句,可以使用形式主语代主语从句,也可直接在句首使用主语从句:

Whether they would support us was a problem. 他们是否会支持我们还是一个问题。

It was a problem whether they would support us. 他们是否会支持我们还是一个问题。

It remains to be seen whether it will do us harm or good. 它对我们是利是害,还得看看再说。

(3) 对关系代词型what引导的主语从句,通常直接将主语从句放在句首。如:

What we need is money. 我们需要的是钱。

What I want to know is this. 我想知道的就是这一点。

有时也可将助用形式主语。如:

It is clear enough what he meant. 他是什么意思很清楚。

(4) 如果句子是疑问句,则必须用带形式主语it的结构:

Is it true that he is the girl’s father? 他是那女孩的父亲,是真的吗?

How is it that you are late again? 你怎么又迟到了?

五、连词that的省略问题

引导主语从句的连词that 有时可省,有时不能省,其原则是:若that引导的主语从句直接位于句首,则that不能省略;若that引导的主语从句位于句末,而在句首使用了形式主语it,则that可以省略:

That you didn’t go to the talk was a pity. 很遗憾你没去听报告。(that不可省)

It was a pity (that) you didn’t go to the talk. 很遗憾你没去听报告。(that可省)

主语从句例句20个带翻译

简单的主语从句例句:

It is said that he will come tomorrow.(that引导主语从句)译:据说他明天来。

It is possible that he will translate the article.(that引导主语从句)译:他可能会翻译这篇文章。What he said was true.(what引导主语从句)译:他说的是真的。How we will finish the work is being discussed.(how引导主语从句)译:我们怎样完成工作还在讨论中。

Whether he had done it was a puzzle.(whether引导主语从句)译:他是不是做了这件事还是个迷。

Where he lives has been told to us.(where引导主语从句)译:已经告知我们他住在哪。

Who will come is still not known.(who引导主语从句) 译:谁会来还不知道。

Whoever leaves the lab last should turn off the lights.(whoever引导主语从句)译:不管是谁最后离开实验室都应该关灯。

When he will fly to New York has been known.(when引导主语从句) 译:已经知道他什么时候飞纽约了。

主语从句判断依据

看那个从句是不是担当主语的成分主语如果是个句子一般就是主语从句(要陈述句语序,从句都是陈述句语序)给你举个例子What is most important is life翻译成,最重要的是生命主语就是 what is most important什么是最重要的is life 就是生命一般 (what/that/how/.) is sth(.)里面的就是主语从句(what/that/how.)+动词+sth (.)也是主语从句 再给你些例子(What I can do) is to help him.我所能做的就是去帮助他(That he is a teaher) is not a secret.他是一个老师不是一个秘密至于如何判断表伴随动作的ing形式这个很容易啊,你只要看这个动作是不是主语发出的,是的话就是ing如果不是主语发出的,就可能是被动,是主语被做,就要用ed形式给你举个例子说明.looking at her,he laughed.看着她,他笑了looked by her,he feeled nervous.被她盯着看,他觉得很紧张.第一句是主语he 主动看her第二句不是主语he 去看her,而是her看he,he被看了.明白了么?例子都是我自己想出来为了让你理解我的解释~

定语从句的基本句型

定语从句是由一个引导词和修饰作用的从句构成的,用来进一步说明或限定先行词的意义。下面介绍五种基本的定语从句句型。

1. 关系代词引导的定语从句

关系代词who、whom、whose、which、that等引导的定语从句,用来修饰人、物、事情等。例如:The man who is standing there is my father.(站在那里的人是我的父亲)

2. 关系副词引导的定语从句

关系副词when、where、why等引导的定语从句,用来修饰时间、地点、原因等。例如:Do you remember the day when we first met?(你还记得我们第一次相遇的那天吗?)

3. 不定式作定语

不定式作定语时,一般用于表示将要发生的动作或者已经完成的动作。例如:I have a book to read.(我有一本要读的书)4. 分词作定语

分词作定语时,一般用于表示被修饰的名词所经历的状态或动作。例如:The girl wearing sunglasses is my classmate.(戴着太阳镜的女孩是我的同学)

5. 独立结构作定语

独立结构作定语时,一般指与主句之间存在某种逻辑上的联系。例如:His job done, he left the office.(他工作完成后离开了办公室)

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