英语时态教学课件(English Tenses Presentation)


Good morning, everyone! Today, we are going to learn about English tenses. Tenses are an important part of English grammar as they help us express different actions and situations in the correct time frame. Let\'s begin our journey through the world of tenses!

1. Present Simple: We use this tense to talk about routine actions or general truths. For example, \"I play football every Sunday.\"

2. Present Continuous: This tense is used to describe actions that are happening now or around the present time. For instance, \"She is studying for her exams.\"

3. Present Perfect: We use this tense to talk about past actions that have a connection to the present. For example, \"I have visited China twice.\"

4. Past Simple: This tense is used to describe actions that happened in the past and are now completed. For instance, \"They went to the park yesterday.\"

5. Past Continuous: We use this tense to talk about actions that were happening in the past but were interrupted. For example, \"She was reading a book when the phone rang.\"

6. Past Perfect: This tense is used to describe an action that happened before another action in the past. For instance, \"I had already finished my homework when my friend called.\"

7. Future Simple: We use this tense to talk about actions that will happen in the future. For example, \"We will go to the beach next Sunday.\"

8. Future Continuous: This tense is used to describe actions that will be happening at a specific time in the future. For instance, \"She will be studying at 9 o\'clock tomorrow.\"

Remember, it is important to use the appropriate tense in order to convey the correct meaning. Practice using different tenses in various contexts to improve your English skills.

In conclusion, understanding English tenses is crucial for effective communication. By mastering the different tenses, you will be able to express yourself accurately and clearly. Keep practicing and soon you will become a pro! Good luck in your English learning journey!




一、肯定句:We will visit you tomorrow。

二、否定句:We will not go to school on Sunday。

三、疑问句:Shall we go shopping。

四、特殊疑问句:Why won’t go with us。

五、不定式,意为马上做某事:be about to。





1. 一般现在时


A) 表示现在发生的动作、情况、状态和特征.

B) 习惯用语.

C) 经常性、习惯性动作.

例:He always helps others. (他总是帮助别人.)

D) 客观事实和普遍真理.尤其要注意,如果前后文不是一般现在时,则无法保持 主句、从句时态一致.

E) 表示一个按规定、计划或安排要发生的动作,(仅限于某些表示“来、去、动 、停、开始、结束、继续”等的动词 )可以与表示未来时间的状语搭配使用 .常见的用法是:飞机、火车、轮船、汽车等定期定点运行的交通方式.

例:The next train leaves at 3 oclock this afternoon.

(下一趟火车今天下午3点开车.)2. 现在进行时(be doing)

用法:现在正在进行的动作.she is dancing.

3. 现在完成时(have done)


A) 表示动作到现在为止已经完成或刚刚完成.

B) 表示从过去某时刻开始,持续到现在的动作或情况,并且有可能会继续延续下去.此时经常用延续性动词.时间状语常用since加一个过去的时间点,或for加一段时间,或by加一个现在时间.

Great as Newton was, many of his ideas have been challenged today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time.

C) 表示发生在过去,但对现在仍有影响的动作或情况.通常用点动词,如:arrive, begin, find, give, lose等.

例:John has broken his left leg.(约翰摔断了左腿.)

4. 现在完成进行时(have been doing)


例:We have been working on this project for over a month now.(到目前为止,我们一直在处理那个项目,已经花了一个多月时间了.)

5. 一般过去时


A) 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或情况.

B) 表示过去习惯性动作.特别是由would/ used to do表达的句型,本身表示的 就是过去时.

He used to visit his mother once a week.(他以前总是每周看望一次他的母亲.)

C) 有时可代替一般现在时,表达一种婉转、客气、礼貌、商量的语气.

例:I wanted to ask you if I could borrow your car?(我想向您借车用一用,可以吗?)

Would you mind my sitting here?(您介意我坐在这里吗?)

6. 过去完成时(had done)


例:There had been some one in our room just now, because I noticed a burning cigarette end on the floor when we opened the front door.(刚才有人在我们的房间里,因为我们打开前门进来时,我注意到地板上有一支仍在燃烧的香烟.)

7. 过去将来时(would/ should do)


例:I said on Thursday I should see my friend the next day.(我星期四说我将于第二天拜访我的朋友.)

8. 过去进行时(was/ were doing)


A) 表示在过去一个比较具体的时间正在发生的动作.

例:Mary was listening to light music 10 minutes ago.(10分钟前,玛丽正在听轻音乐.)

B) 如果when, while这样的时间状语引导词所引导的主从句之一是一般过去时,则另一个句子常用过去进行时.

例:I was washing my hair when you knocked at the front door.(你敲前门时我正在洗头发.)

9. 一般将来时


A) 基本结构是will / shall do.

例:We shall send her a glass hand-made craft as her birthday gift.(我们将送给她一个玻璃的手工制品,作为给她的生日礼物.)

B) 有些动词,如:arrive, be close, come, do, done, go, have, leave, open, play, return, sleep, start, stay等,用于一般进行时,并且通常与一个表示将来时间的时间状语连用,可以表示将来时.

例:My mother is coming to visit me next week and is staying here until May.(我妈妈下周将来看我,并会呆到5月.

10. 将来进行时(will be doing)


例:Dont worry, you wont miss her. She will be wearing a red T-shirt and a white skirt at that time.(别担心,你不会认不出她的.她到时会穿一件红色的T恤衫和一条白色的短裙.)


11. 将来完成时(will have done)


12)将来完成进行时:shall have been doing ,will have been doing

例:By the end of next month, the project will have been being worked for 3 years. (到下个月底为止,这项工程就已经不停地进行了3年了.)(被动语态)

13)过去完成进行时:had been doing

例:The old clock had been being taken apart of and fixed up again for several times by my 10-year old son before I came back home.(我回到家之前,我10岁大的儿子已经把这个旧钟表拆卸并重新组装了好几回了.)(此处强调“拆卸”和“组装”这两个过去的过去的动作一直在反复进行.)(被动语态)14) 过去将来进行时:should be doing , would be doing

例:The government promised that a new highway would be being built next July.(政府承诺说第二年7月将有一条新的高速公路正在修建.)(此句的时间状语是具体的将来时间,所以最好用将来进行时.)(此句为被动语态)

15) 过去将来完成时:should have done , would have done

例:I believed by the end of that year an advanced version of that software would have been developed, but I was wrong.(我坚信到那年年底为止,那个软件的新版本将被开发出来.但是我错了.)(此句为被动语态)

16) 过去将来完成进行时:should have been doing , would have been doing

例:They said that by the end of the following month, the project would have been being worked for 3 years. (他们说到第二个月底为止,这项工程就已经不停地进行了3年了.)


对于动词的这一语法的知识点,还存在很多困惑的话。那不妨和我一起来做份初二下册英语动词时态专项训练试题,希望对各位有帮助!初二下册英语动词时态专项训练试题 一、用所给词的适当形式填空:1.He__________swimming in the river every day in summer. (go)2.It________you are right. ( seem )3.Look, the children _________ basketball on the playground. ( play )4.He_______to the radio when I came in, ( listen )5.It is very cold .I think it __________. ( rain )6. —I need some paper . —I __________some for you . ( bring )7.I can’t find my pen . Whoit ________? ( take )8.He said that he_________back in five minutes . ( come )9.I didn’t meet him. He ________when I got there. ( leave )10.I__________my bike, so I have to walk to school. ( lose )11.He_______down and began to read his newspaper. ( sit )12.He is not here. He _______to the post office. (go)13.He is very hungry. He________anything for three days. ( not eat )14.I__________with you if I have time . ( go )15.We will go to the cinema if it_______tomorrow . (rain )16.I will tell her the news when she_______to see me next week. (come)17. “ When you_________the _________car ?” “ In 1998 . ”( buy )18.We_____good friends since we met at school . (be)19.What_______you_________ at five yesterday afternoon ? (do)20.The bike is nice . How much ________it_________? (cost)二、选择最佳答案填空( )1.We’ll go swimming if the weatherfine tomorrow.A. is B.was C. will be D.is going to be( )2.Itfive years since he has left for Beijing.A. was B. have been C.is D.is going to be( )3.Please don’t leave the office until your friendback.A.came B.comes C.have come D.will come( )4.By the end of last year heabout 1500 English words.A. learns B.learned C.was learning D.had learned( )5.Listen ! Someonein the next room .A.cried B.crying C.is crying D.has cried( )6.You must tell him the news as soon as youhim.A.see B.sees C.will see D.is seeing( )7.He told me that heto see us the next day.A.comes B. came C. will come D. would come( )8.We can’t find him anywhere . Perhaps hehome.A. is going B. went C. has come D. would come( )9.The teacher told us that the sunbigger than the earth.A. is B. was C. has been D.will be( )10.Could you tell me where the railway station?A. was B. is C. will be D. would be( )11.Weto the Great Wall several times.A. go B. were going C. have gone D.have been( )12.It seemed that the old manfor something over there.A. looks B. looked C. was looking D. has looked( )13.He was sure that hehis wallet in the office .A. left B. would leave C. had left D. has left( )14.You must study hard if you want to fail the exam.A. won’t B. don’t C. haven’t D. hadn’t( )15. —I’m afraid you can’t sit here . —Sorry , Iknow.A. don’t B. won’t C. can’t D. didn’t( )16. As shethe newspaper , Grannyasleep.A. read , was falling B. fell C. was reading , was falling D.read , fell( )17. — my glasses ? —Yes , I saw them on your bed a minute ago.A. Do you see B. Had you seen C. Would you see D. Have you seen( )18. —Jim is not coming tonight . —But he !A. promises(许诺) B. promised C. will promise D. had promised( )19. —What’s her name? —I.A. forget B. forgot C. had forgotten D. am forgetting( )20.Youyour rurn so you’ll have to wait.A. will miss B. have missed C. are missing D. had missed三、动词时态能力综合测试( )1.He oftenhis clothes on Sundays.A. washing B. washes C. has washed D. wash( )2.I’m Chinese. Wherefrom?A. do you come B. you are coming C. you come D. are you coming( )3.Mayto school.A. never walks B. is never walking C. walk never D. never is walking( )4.We will start as soon as our teacher .A. comes B. will come C. come D. is coming( )5.How long agoplaying football?A. have you stopped B. had you stopped C. did you stop D. do you stop( )6.It hard when I left my house .A. is raining B. rains C. was raining D. will rain( )7.I think this questionto answer.A. easy B. is easy C. was easy D. will easy( )8. Don’t talk so loudly . Your fatherA. sleeps B. is sleeping C. slept D. had slept( )9.How many people does the doctor know whoof the disease (疾病)?A. are dying B. is dying C. has died D. dies( )10.Imy homework now.A. finish B. finished C. have finished D. had finished( )11.Itten years since his father died.A. is B. was C. had been D. will be( )12.Hefor three years.A. has joined B. has been in the army C. joined D. has served the army( )13.His grandfatherfor thirty years.A. died B. was dead C. has been dead D. has died( )14.I from my brother for a long time.A. not have heard B. have not heard C. have heard not D. do not hear( )15.Maths , one of the most important subjectsalways interested him.A. has B. have C. are D. is( )16.—Did your brother go to America last year? —A. No , he did never go there B. No , he has never gone hereC. No , he never was there D. No , he’s never been there( )17.He that factory since 1958.A. has left B. has worked in C. has gone from D. has come to( )18.Since ten years ago great changesin China.A. happened B. have been happened C. have happened D. are taken place( )19.Our teacherto Beijing three times.A. went B. had gone C. has gone D. has been( )20.It’s the third time you late this week.A. had arrived B. arrived C. have arrived D. arrive( )21. the film since I came here.A. I’ve seen B. I will see C. I would see D. I see( )22.Last week Johnhis leg.A. felt and broken B. fell and broke C. feels and breaks D. fallen and broken( )23.Jackhis thick coat because it was snowing.A. puts on B. put on C. takes on D. took on( )24.Hethe picture on the wall.A. hanged B. hung C. has hanged D. was hanged( )25.Next monthtwenty five.A. has my sister B. my sister will beC. my sister shall have D. my sister is going to be( )26.Youher again in a few weeks.A. will see B. have seen C. had seen D. have been seen( )27.My parentsme to be a doctor.A. hoped B. wanted C. decided D. withes( )28.Ithard when we left.A. is raining B. has rained C. rained D. was raining( )29. By the end of last term weEnglish for two years.A. have studied B. have been studied C. would studied D. had studied( )30.She said that she there for five years .A. has worked B. had worked C. was working D. worked( )31.Mrs Brownin New York for three years before she went to London.A. lived B. had lived C. has lived D. will live( )32.When we arrived , the dinner.A. already began B. has already begun C. had already begun D. was just begun( )33.I will go home for the holiday as soon as I my exams.A. will finish B. finish C. finishing D. finished( )34.When, I’ll talk to him.A. does Peter come B. Peter will come C. Peter comes D. can Peter come( )35.My sisterto see me . She’ll be here soon.A. comes B. is coming C. had come D. came( )36.They said theyour answer the next day .A. had heard B. would hear of C. would hear D. will hear( )37.The old man said that lightfaster than sound.A. went B. will go C. travels D. will travel( )38.Oh, dear Xiao Hong . I you in Sheyang.A. don’t know , are B. didn’t know , wereC. didn’t know , are D. don’t know , have been( )39.—Is John going away?— I think so . He for a better job, but he didn’t get it.A. had hoped B. was hoped C. hoping D. had hope( )40.I am sure he’ll come to see me before heBeijing.A. leave B. left C. will leave D. leaves( )41.—Well , here I am at last. —Good ! Iworried .A. was ,that you wouldn’t be back on time B. is , that you would be back on timeC. is , so you’d be back on time D. was , whether(是否) you wouldn’t be back on time初二下册英语动词时态专项训练试题参考答案 一、1.goes 2. seems 3. are playing 4. was listening 5.is going to rain 6. will bring 7. has taken 8.would come 9. had left 10. have lost 11. sat 12. has gone 13. hasn’t eaten 14.will go 15. rains 16.comes 17. did , buy 18. have been 19. were , doing 20. did , cost二、1——5ACBDC 6——10ADCAB 11——15DCCBD 16——20BDBAB三、1——5BAAAC 6——10CBBAC 11——15ABCBA 16——20DBCDC 21——25ABBBB 26——30ABDDB 31——35BCBCB 36——40CCBAD 41.A看了初二下册英语动词时态专项训练试题及答案的人还看:1. 高中英语完形填空试题及答案 2. 高二英语阅读理解练习题及参考答案 3. 高一英语阅读理解练习题及参考答案 4. 2016年高考英语全国Ⅰ卷试题及答案







2、时间状语:ago,yesterday,the day before yesterday,last week,last(year,night,month…),in 1989,just now,at the age of 5,one day,long long ago,once upon a time.



5、一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。



2、时间状语:tomorrow,next day(week,month,year…),soon,in a few minutes,by…,the day after tomorrow,etc.

3、基本结构:主语+am/is/are+going to + do;will/shall + do.

4、否定形式:am/is/are not going to do ;will/shall not do。




2、时间状语:now,at this time,days,etc. look . listen